Today, the world of web designing has reached a stage where it is possible for anyone with basic computer skills to create a decent website. It was not always this way, as it involved a lot of programming, coding and tweaking. http://info.cern.ch/ was the first website, published in 1991, and the URL of its first web page was http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html. As we explore the history and evolution of web designing, we find it to be more colourful and vibrant down the line.
The history of web design may not be long (spanning just two decades), but it has brought some major changes in almost every aspect of our life. It is web design that adds colour and life to the Internet.
Tim Berners-Lee proposed a global hypertext project in 1989 and later it went on to become the World Wide Web. It was in 1991 that the web came into existence and we could view text-only pages using a basic line-mode browser. The Mosaic was the earliest graphic design-integrated browser, developed in 1993.
HyperText Markup Language or HTML, created in 1990, is the official language of the web. During the 90s, all the online documents (websites) were created in HTML. They had linear layout and with more text than any graphics. The concept of hypertext was developed by Ted Nelson in the 60s, but it was only in the 80s that Tim Berners-Lee started using the coding language. At that time, HTML was the only coding language in web designing and web designers had limited options when it came to design. Text, links and tables were all the elements that the web designers could use to create these early websites.
The World Wide Web Consortium, which we readily recognise as the W3C was formed in 1994 (again by Tim Berners-Lee) for preventing commercial interests from creating monopoly in the domain of web design code. The consortium continues to govern the coding rules, guidelines and techniques and keeps updating web designers to the changes they should be following.
All these early developments were part of the first generation of web design, leading to development of simple websites (by today’s standards). Around 1994, web designers and developers began contributing to HTML codes, bringing more versatility. This phase in the history of web design is considered to be the second generation. The HTML 1 tags evolved to HTML 2 and web designers were able to get access to new capabilities. In addition, the Internet became faster now. During this generation coding became more sophisticated, and more websites started using colours and graphics.
1995 marked the third generation in web design and the creation of HTML 3. This was the generation when we saw the release of the Internet Explorer, one of the most widely used web browsers in the history of the web. The other major developments of the phase include the application of HTML B tables and style sheets.
Websites were more colourful than ever and many sites had patterned backgrounds. The other major developments of the phase include the conception of “gif” and the consequent use of animated images; and the introduction of Flash that helped create some of the most graphic-intensive websites. This was when web design moved from static to dynamic.
All the shortcomings of HTML and XHTML were addressed and resolved in HTML 5, providing solutions to most of the issues and adding many new syntax features. The most notable ones include integrating SVG content and addition of
With smart phone makers shipping more than a billion phones last year; 30% of Facebook users visiting through their phones; and the claim that 4 out of every 5 Internet users will be mobile users in the near future, web designers and developers are now also building sites for the mobile. If our websites are no longer mobile-friendly, we could be losing a significant number of our prospective visitors.
Smart phones enhance the web experience by offering faster load time, providing better availability and usability. Mobile web design may be moving back to simplification to adjust to the smaller screen and less powerful machines, the underlying web design technology is quite sophisticated. This is the era where web designers are working around and experimenting with new technologies, graphics, videos, animation and games. At the same time, they cannot ignore the importance of SEO for the eventual success of their designs. In addition to being a powerful medium of communication, the Internet is now moving into new dimensions of entertainment, social and other developing fields.
Do you want to build a website or update your website(s) with the latest best practices and technologies in web design? We at Myk Baxter Marketing are your total web solutions providers in London. You can contact us during business hours at +44 (0) 20 3239 6647 for the most advanced, effective and affordable web design solutions.